完形填空——议论文突破
作者:佚名    外语特色来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2012-3-29    

议论文突破

 

(一)

    Recently, a professor of philosophy(哲学) in the United States has written a book called Money and the Meaning of Life. He has 1._____ that how we deal with money in our day to day life has more meaning than we usually 2._____. One of the exercises he has asked his students to do is to keep a 3_____ of every penny they spend for a week. From the 4._____ they spend their money, they can see what they really 5._____ in life.

    The professor says our 6._____ with others often becomes clearly defined(明确) when money enters the picture. You 7._____ have wonderful friendship with somebody and you think that you are very good friends. But you will know him only when you ask him to lend you some 8._____. If he does, it brings something to the relationship that seems 9._____ than ever before. 10._____it can suddenly weaken the relationship if he doesn’t.

    Since money is so important to us, we consider those who are 11._____ to be very important. The professor 12._____some rich people  in researching his book.

    Question: What is the most 13._____ thing you have discovered about being rich?

    Answer: The most surprising thing is why people give me so much 14._____. I am nothing. I don’t know much. All I am is rich.

People just have an idea of making more and more money, but what is it 15._____? How much money do I need for any given 16._____ in my life? In his book, the professor uncovered an important 17._____ in modern society: to bring back the idea that the money is an instrument  18._____than the end. Money plays an important 19._____ in the material world, but 20._____ money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life.

1.A.pointed     B. studied      C. discovered       D. noticed

2.A.imagine     B. think       C. recognize        D. plan

3.A.secrect      B. diary       C. promise         D. record

4.A.way        B. method     C. opinion          D. attitude

5.A.mean       B. value       C. get             D. make

6.A.work       B. friendship      C. relation       D. union

7.A.should      B. must       C. had to          D. might

8.A.cars        B. books       C. rooms          D. money

9.A.stronger     B. weaker      C. worse         D. looser

10.A.But        B. Otherwise    C. And         D. Then

11.A.rich        B. poor       C. helpful            D. ordinary

12.A.saw        B. interviewed   C. questioned     D. knew

13.A.puzzling    B. disappointing    C. surprising      D. interesting

14.A.worry      B. doubt         C. hate          D. respect

15.A.about      B. against        C. for          D. at

16.A.achievemant     B. result      C. purpose       D. success

17.A.need        B. discovery      C. lack          D. event

18.A.better        B. rather          C. more       D. less

19.A.action        B. performance      C. role       D. trick

20.A.demanding     B. hoping        C. getting       D. expecting

内容概要:本文阐述了金钱在生活中的意义和作用,文章认为钱只是一种工具而不应该是追求的目标。

答案简析:

1、选Cdiscover表示发现某一现象,在此较为合乎逻辑。第17空前的uncover一词对此也有启示作用。

2、选B。这里强调的是人们的普遍观点,故用think

3、选Dkeep a record 意为“记录……”,符合教授的意图。

4、选A。记下花钱的“方式”,有助于人们反思自己在生活中,实际上总是注重一些什么东西。

5、选Bvalue 意为“珍惜”、“重视”。

6、选Crelation(关系)是中性词,合乎这里的情境。

7、选Dmight表示“也许”,在几个词中语气最弱,符合下一句所揭示的语境。

8、选D。由下文可知,这里指“借钱”。

9、选A。愿意借钱了,关系自然比以前更牢固。从下一句的weaken一词中也能得到启示。

10、选Botherwise 意为“否则”或“反过来”,它表示对立关系,而but 表示“转折”关系,即不一定是相反的关系。该句表示借钱怎么样,不借钱怎么样,故用otherwise 更为合适。

11、选A。由“钱很重要”推断出“有钱人也很重要”,合乎逻辑。另下一句中也提到了rich people

12、选Binterview 表示“拜访、采访”;question 表示提问,用在警察对普通人,老师对学生等场合较多。为了写书而对他人进行访谈,似乎用interview更好些。

13、选C。下一句重现了该词。

14、选D。由后面三句话不难推知,此处应为一个表示积极意义的态度。

15、选Cwhat for 表示原因,下文解释了这方面的原因。

16、选Cgiven purpose意思为设定好的目标,此句意为“要多少钱来实现一生中的那些目标呢”。

17、选A。冒号后就是“需求”的具体内容。

18、选Brather than 意为“而不是”,the end 表示“目的”。

19、选C。根据意义和搭配选定。

20、选D。根据意义和搭配可以排除另三项。

(二)

  I consider myself something of an expert on apologies. A quick temper(脾气) has 1._____ me with plenty of opportunities(机会) to make them. In one of my earliest 2._____, my mother is telling me, “Don’t watch the 3._____ when you say, ‘I’m sorry. Hold your head up and look the person in the 4._____, so he’ll know you 5._____ it.

   My mother thus made the key point of a(n) 6._____ apology: it must be direct. You must never 7._____ to be doing something else. You do not 8._____ a pile of letters while apologizing to a person 9._____ in position after blaming him or her for a mistake that turned out to be your 10._____. You do not apologize to a hostess(女主人), whose guest of honor you treat 11._____, by sending flowers the next day without mentioning your bad 12._____.

   One of the important things you should do for an 13._____ apology is readiness to 14._____ the responsibility(责任) for our careless mistakes. We are used to making excuses, which leaves no 15._____ for the other person to 16._____ us. Since most people are open-hearted, the no-excuse apology leaves both parties feeling 17._____ about themselves. That, after all, is the 18._____ of every apology. It 19._____ little whether the apologizer is wholly or only partly at fault: answering for one’s 20._____ encourages others to take their share of the blame.

1.A.provided    B. mixed         C. compared      D. treated   

2.A.dreams      B. courses       C. memories       D. ideas

3.A.side        B. ground        C. wall           D. bottom

4.A.mind       B. soul          C. face            D. eye

5.A.imagine     B. enjoy         C. mean           D. regret

6.A.useful      B. successful       C. equal           D. basic

7.A.pretend     B. forget          C. refuse           D. expect

8.A.hold on     B. put away        C. look through     D. pick up

9.A.poorer      B. weaker         C. worse           D. lower

10.A.fault       B. reason         C. result           D. duty

11.A.cruelly     B. freely          C. roughly          D. foolishly

12.A.manners    B. excuses        C. efforts           D. roles

13.A.active      B. effective       C. extra           D. easy

14.A.raise       B. perform       C. admit           D. bear

15.A.situation     B. need         C. sign            D. room

16.A.advise      B. forgive       C. warn            D. blame

17.A.wiser       B. warmer       C. better           D. cleverer

18.A.purpose     B. method       C. end            D. advantage

19.A.cares       B. matters       C. depends        D. remains

20.A.facts       B. states        C. rights         D. actions  

内容概要:本文阐述了一个观点,道歉要真诚,要敢于承担责任,同时也批评了一些“假”道歉的行为。

答案简析:

1、选Aprovide with意为“向……提供……”,这一说法颇具幽默色彩。

2、选C。紧接着的就是作者回忆出来的内容。

3、选B。与后面提到的“要抬起头”正好相反。

4、选D。道歉时看着对方的眼睛,以示真诚,在这一点上中西方是一样的。

5、选Cmean it意为“这样对方就会明白你有道歉的意思”。it在这里指道歉的行为。

6、选B。冒号后的内容即为“成功的”道歉的一些基本特征。

7、选A。根据常识选定。

8、选C。其他三个选项不合语境。

9、选D。职位一般论的是高、低。

10、选A。与前面的mistake同义。turn out意为“后来证明是”。

11、选Croughly此处表示对待客人不礼貌,服务不到位。从前面的要不要道歉的讨论可以猜出这一答案。

12、选Abad manners 意为不礼貌的行为,从treat roughly这一信息不难推测出这一答案。

13、选Beffectivesuccessful有异曲同工之妙。

14、选Dbear the responsibility(承担责任),系习惯搭配。

15、选Dleave no room不留余地。

16、选B。经常找借口,那么也就会不留余地地给别人来“原谅”自己。

17、选Cbetter表示“心情更舒畅”。未找借口的道歉,即真诚的道歉,对方的感觉一定很好。

18、选A。道歉的最终“目的”是化干戈为玉帛,大家和好如初,所以用purpose end表示“目的”时用复数较多,而且不及purpose直接。

19、选B。道歉者是全部还是部分承担责任这些都不太重要:关键是为所作所为主动负责,这也能促使别人共同承担责任。 根据语境不难排除另三个选项。

20、选D。根据行文逻辑应该是对自己的“行动”负责。answer for在此意为“对……

负责”。

 

外语特色录入:tsc    责任编辑:tsc 
  • 上一个外语特色:

  • 下一个外语特色: 没有了
  •    福建金帝集团有限公司 华侨大学厦门工学院 福建仁文建设有限公司 厦门仁文建设有限公司 福建泉州外国语中学 福州文博中学 福建金帝物业有限公司
    版权所有© 福建泉州外国语中学 校址:泉州市学府路31号 信息中心电话:0595-22794529 校办公室电话:0595-22794502 传真:0595-22794517
    网站设计:泉州外国语中学信息中心 闽ICP备11024316号 管理登录