2012复习用高考名校模拟新题分类解析汇编:动词时态和语态
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2012复习用高考名校模拟新题分类解析汇编:动词时态和语态

 

1.2011·重庆师大附中月考)33.I called Hannah many times yesterday evening, but I couldn’t get through. Her brother ________ on the phone all the time!

A. was talking            B. has been talking    C. has talked               D. talked

A考查动词时态。句意:昨晚我给Hannah打了多次对话,但都没有接通。他的弟弟一直都在占线。

2.2011·唐山市摸底)12As a young manhe didn’t know that he       famous later on

      Awas to become  Bwill become        Chad become        Dbecame

A考查动词的时态。句意:作为一位年轻人,他不知道他后来会一定会成功。此处be+to do的形式表示将来一定。

3.2011·河北正定中学月考)16----Where did you put the broom,Tom?

       -----I _______it behind the doorBut now it is gone

       Ado put              Bdo putting        Cdid to put          Ddid put[

D考查动词时态。语境:---汤姆,你把扫帚放在哪儿了?---我确实把它放在了门的后面。可现在它不见了。

4.2011·浙江学军中学月考)40. Once harm ______ to the environment, it takes years to have the system recovered.

A. does                  B. is done                C. will be done         D. be done

B考查被动语态。此处harm是不可数名词,用单数。句意:一旦对环境造成伤害,它需要花费多年的时间回复生态系统。

5.2011·浙江学军中学月考)37. I don’t understand how you got a ticket. I always         you        a careful driver.

A. think; are             B. am thinking are 

C. thought; were     D. think; were

C考查动词的时态。句意:我过去总以为你是一个细心的司机。

6.2011·浙江温州八校返校联考)30I fixed my eyes upon the newcomer, wondering whether I ________ him somewhere before

       Asaw           Bhas seen        Chad seen        Dwould see

C考查动词时态。句意:我盯着新来的那个人,想以前我在什么地方见过他。盯着这一动作发生在过去;看见过就应是过去的过去,用过去完成时。

7.2011·浙江温州十校联考)9My toothache is killing meI _____ it _____ awayBut now it’s getting worse and worse.

     Athink; is going                          Bthought; was going       

  Chave thought; is going                   Dhad thought; had gone

B考查动词的时态。句意:我的牙疼。我原以为它会消失的。可现在它变得越来越厉害。

 

8.2011·浙江杭州西湖中学检测)21. My brother _______ football quite well, but he hasn’t played since last year.

  A. will play  B. has played  C. played  D. plays

D考查动词时态。根据句意乒乓球打得好是一种技能,不会因为一时不练而失去,故用一般现在时。

9.2011·浙江杭州西湖中学检测)24. –You speak very good Chinese.

  --Thanks. I _______ it for 4 years before I came to China.

  A. studied  B. study  C. was studying  D. had studied

D考查动词时态。此处before I came to China表明study发生在过去的过去,故用过去完成时。

10.2011·云南昆明一中月考)14By the time my mother came back from work, my sister and I       supper and were waiting for her at the table.

  Ahave cooked       Bwere cooking       Chad cooked         Dwould cook

C考查动词时态。根据句意我母亲上班回来时发生在过去,而我姐姐和我做好饭发生在母亲回来之前,故用过去完成时。

 

11.2011·四川绵阳中学第一次月考)25. —How long      in Shanghai

—Just the weekend. I've to be back for an important meeting to be held next Monday.

A. have you stayed                     B. are you staying

C. did you stay                        D. do you stay

B考查动词时态。语境:---你要在上海呆多久?---就到这个周末。我必须回去参加下周一要举行的一个重要会议。此处用现在进行时表将来时。

12.2011·湖南长沙一中月考)21Justin      a book about his adventures in TibetI hope he can find a good publisher when it is finished

       Awas writing                                        Bis currently writing

       Chas already written                              Dwrote

B考查动词的时态。句意:Justin目前在写一本关于他在西藏探险的书。我希望写完后他能找到一家好的出版社。

13.2011·四川成都市摸底)29My friend, Tom, left New York in 1976 and       since then.

       Ahadn’t been heard of                            Bhasn’t been heard of

       Chasn’t heard of                                    Dhadn’t heard of

B考查动词的时态和语态。句意:我的朋友汤姆1976年离开纽约,从那时起就没有听到过他的消息。

 

14.2011·湖南雅礼中学月考)33Tom has been absent for two daysDo you know what _________ to him?

      Ahas happened       Bwould happen      Cwas happened      Dhad happened

A考查动词时态。句意:汤姆两天不在了。你知道他发生了什么吗?

15.2011·江西南昌一中月考)22When I was at college I ______  three foreign languages, but I ______  all except a few words of each

       Aspoke; had forgotten                            Bspoke; have forgotten

       Chad spoken; had forgotten                    Dhad spoken; have forgotten

B考查动词的时态。第一空由时间状语When I was at college可知用一般过去时;第二空表示现在的影响和结果,我全忘了除了每种语言的一些词汇,故用现在完成时。

16.2011·四川成都外国语学校9月考)26―Look! What a mistake! Why?

―Sorry, I _________ on it.

A. don’t concentrate                     B. hadn’t concentrated

C. haven’t been concentrating                      D. wasn’t concentrating

D考查动词的时态。语境:---看!多大的错误!为什么?---对不起,我没有集中精力去做。

17.2011·宁夏银川一中月考)24--Tony, come down and help me with the heavy box!

  -- Come on! I _____ all day longGet Peter to do that!

       Awork               Bhad been working    Chad worked    Dhave been working

D考查动词时态。句意:我一整天都在劳动。让彼得帮你。

18.2011·江西师大开学试题)31. ------ Have you seen your nephew lately?

   ------ Yes, in fact, I saw him yesterday. I ______ him for three years.

    A. haven’t     B. didn’t      C. hadn’t     D. don’t

C考查动词时态。句意:我昨天看到了他。我三年没看到他了(指昨天以前)。根据句意用过去完成时。

 

19.2011·黑龙江哈师大附中第二次月考)26.       Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 4026 ________ off at 18:20.

A. took                 B. will take            C. has taken           D. takes

D考查动词的时态。此处特指航班的特定时间表,故用一般现在时表示。

20.2011·黑龙江哈三中10月考)32. ---You speak very good English. Have you ever been abroad to learn English?

   ---Thanks. I have never been abroad before but I _____English in Beijing Foreign Language University

for four years.

   A. studied                 B. study             C. was studying        D. had studied

A考查动词时态。根据句意在北京外国语大学学英语这一动作发生在过去,故用一般过去时。

21.2011·黑龙江哈三中10月考)22. ---What’s the matter, Mary? You are awfully quiet and look blue.

---Oh, I ________ of my best friend who went to America last year.

   A. just thought             B. was just thinking     

C. had just thought     D. have just thought 

B考查动词时态及语境。句意:我刚才正在想去年去了美国的我最好的朋友。

 

22.2011·贵州遵义四中月考)20. Over the past decades, sea ice        in the Arctic as a result of global warming.

A. had decreased      B. decreased     C. has been decreasing   D. is decreasing

C考查动词时态。句意:在过去的几十年里,海中的冰由于全球气候变暖一直在减少。

23.2011·河南郑州四中调研)30. ------Is there anything wrong , Bob? You look sad.

   ------ Oh, nothing much. In fact, I ______ of my friends back home.

   A. have just thought          B.was just thinking

   C. would just think           D. will just be thinking

B考查动词时态。语境:---鲍勃出了什么事?你看起来难过。---奥,没什么事。事实上,我在想我的朋友回家。

24.2011·河南郑州四中调研)31. By the time he realizes he ______ into a trap, it’ll be too late for him to do anything about it.

   A. walks     B. walked      C. has walked     D. had walked

C考查动词时态。句意:当他得知他已经走入圈套时,他再做任何事情都为时太晚了。

25.2011·河南郑州四中调研)32. ______ you eat the correct foods ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy.

   A. Only if; you will          B. unless; you will

   C. Only if; will you          D. unless; will you

C考查倒装句。此处only强调的条件句置于句首,其后用部分倒装。

 

26.2011·贵州遵义四中月考)8. Travelers         that they should bring their ID cards with them.

A. have reminded      B. are reminded

C. were reminding     D. had been reminded

B考查动词的时态和语态。此处根据句意应为被动语态,因旅行者被提醒。

27.2011·贵州遵义四中月考)10. —Alice, you look puzzled. Have you understood it?

—Yes, I         another problem just now.

A. have thought of      B. am thinking of

C. had thought of       D. was thinking of

D考查动词时态。根据时间状语just now可知,我刚才在想另一个问题。故用过去进行时。

28.2011·广西桂林中学月考)23. ­—You look so young. Haven’t you graduated from your university?

—Yes, I         in the English Department of Shandong University for four years.

A. studied         B. study           C. had studied      D. was studying

A考查动词时态。语境:---你看起来很年轻。难道你还没有大学毕业?---我毕业了。我在山东大学英语系学习了4年。此处表明现在已经毕业,以前在山大学习过4年。故用一般过去时。

 

29.2011·福建福州三中月考)50--- Would you have called her up had it been possible?

    --- Yes, but I       busy doing my homework.

       Awas                    Bam                      Chad been             Dwould be

A考查动词时态。句意:过去我正在做功课。

30.2011·桂林十八校月考)30. Unexpected difficulties ____in the course of their experiment.

A. arises       B. were arising        C. arose        D. were arisen

C考查动词时态。根据in the course of their experiment可知用一般过去时。

 

31.2011·福建福州三中月考)21--- Do you think we should accept that offer?

    --- Yes, we should, for we       such bad luck up till now, and time      out.

       Ahave had; is running                             Bhad; is running

       Chave; has been run                               Dhave had; has been run

A考查动词时态。第一空由up till now可知用现在完成时;第二空用进行时表将来时。

32.2011·福建福州三中月考)22By the time he realizes he       into a trap, it’ll be too late for him to do anything about it.

       Awalks                  Bwalked                Chas walked          Dhad walked

C考查动词时态。句意:直到他意识到他已经走进圈套时,他再做什么都晚了。

33.together as a family.

       Asee                     Bhad seen              Csaw                    Dhave seen

D考查动词时态。此处考查This is the first time句型,其后用现在完成时。

24I         along the street looking for a place to park when the accident         .

       Awent; was occurring                            Bwent; occurred

       Cwas going; occurred                            Dwas going; has occurred

C考查动词时态。句意:当我正在沿着大街走以寻找停车的地方时,这时意外事故发生了。

34.2011·福建福州三中月考)25--- It was really very kind of you to give me a lift home.

    --- Oh, don’t mention it. I      past your house anyway.

       Awas coming         Bwill come            Chad come            Dhave come

A考查动词时态。语境:---很感谢你把我带回家。---不用谢。不管怎么我也要路过你家。此处用进行时表将来时。

 

 

 

 

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